Mobile robot fleets bring versatility to Assembly Operations


Synchronized Mobile Robot fleets bring new versatility to Assembly Operations

Gerard Vilarrassa, Product Manager of Kivnon

A trend toward replacing those fixed assembly lines with fleets of mobile robots holds the promise of another step change in manufacturing and new adaptability to market volatility.

When Henry Ford introduced the assembly line just over one hundred years ago it was truly a breakthrough in manufacturing efficiency, improving, for example, automotive flywheel production by about 75 percent over manual operations.  

Improving transport efficiency

Mobile robots such as automatrd guided vehicles and autonomous mobile robots are self-driving vehicles that carry loads from one industrial operation to another.

The first generation of mobile robots improved efficiency by automating picking, bringing parts to a conventional conveyor line, and moving finished goods from the end of the production line to the warehouse for eventual shipping.

Such automation improved productivity and ergonomics by eliminating the myriad step pickers or operators might have had to take otherwise.

Inneficiencies of legacy conveyor systems

However, as consumer began demanding more product variability and faster delivery, fixed conveyor systemas have inherent inefficiencies that make them less suitable for these emerging needs. 

Their single-stream workflow of conveyor belts also enforces rigid assembly sequences. Even though they may work on only part of the car, appliance or whatever is on the line, line workers may have to sit idle while watching other product sections go by.

If there is a delay upstream, downstream workers may have to sit idle waiting for upstream operations to complete. All of which adds delays and costs to the operation.

Improving production efficiency

Rethinking the assembly line as a configuration of distributed but integrated mobile robots changea all that, raising manufacturing efficiency, flexibility, customizability, and profitability to new heights. 

Manufacturing system designers may also equip mobile robots with tools, such as robot arms that involve them in conducting the operations. 

Also improving efficiency is that robots can work 24/7, maximizing production flow. They can perform repetitive tasks, minimizing human error that can lead to defects or rework.


Given the improvement in effectiveness, flexibility and customization mobile robots represent a more secure investment than a conveyor belt-based system for at least the following reasons.

  • Mobile robots automate repetitive tasks, reducing production costs and human error. 
  • In addition to reducing costs, improved effectiveness means you can get products to the market faster.
  • The modularity of a mobile fleet enables easy scaling as demands change. 
  • Mobile robots can integrate easily into full hybrid solutions involving other technology, such as stationary robots and imaging devices, 
  • Manufacturers can use the same space to support many operations over time. 
About Gerard Vilarrasa

Gerard Vilarrasa is the Product Manager at Kivnon. Electrical engineer with almost a decade of experience in the industrial sector, the majority of them in mobile robotics product development and management at Kivnon.